Lifeline Hospital’s Department of Oncology provides the comprehensive cancer care with the trans-disciplinary and multi-modality approach to adult and kids. We have an extensive medical programme for adult & pediatric, Radiation Oncology, Specialised Onco surgery and Bone Marrow Transplant services.
Our Onco experts strive to provide a range of services for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of various types of cancer. Our primary focus is to treat patients safely and ensure to give them faster recovery with minimal disfiguration, and quick return to a healthy life.
What is Cancer?
Each cell in the human body undergoes controlled division and it is known as cell cycle regulation. The disturbances in this process induce rapid proliferation of cells and cell undergoes carcinogenesis, oncogenesis or tumerigenesis.
Cancer is the disease associated with the abnormal growth of cells. Cancer can arise anywhere in the body and can influence people from all age groups. It is the leading cause of mortality in the world.
Types of Cancer
There are several major types of cancers:
- Bladder Cancer
It is the common type of cancer affecting men more frequently than women. It is the cancer that begins in the urothelial cells (cell line inside of the bladder). Bladder is the hollow, muscular organ present in lower abdomen and it stores the urine. Bladder cancers at an early stage are highly treatable.
- Blood Cancer
It is type of cancer that affects the normal production and function of blood cells due to production of abnormal cells. This type of cancer starts in bone marrow which is the site for blood cell production. Blood cancer is of three types as Leukemia, Lymphoma & Myleoma.
- Brain Cancer
Brain cancers arise from the cells present in the brain. In brain cancer patient shows the headache, nausea, and vomiting like symptoms. There are various treatments are available for brain cancer such as brain surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and immunotherapy.
- Brain Tumor
Brain tumors are abnormal growth of brain cells. Patients having brain tumors commonly have headaches, nausea, and vomiting. Brain tumors are classified as benign and malignant.
- Breast Cancer
It is the most common type of cancer in women develops in the breast tissue. The patient shows the various signs like lump in the breast, changes in size, shape of the breast, and much more.
- Cervical Cancer
It is the type of cancer arises in the cervix due to abnormal growth of cells. The patients show various symptoms like vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, or pain during sexual intercourse at later stage. The women infected from HPV have high chances to develop cervical cancer.
- Colon Cancer
It is the cancer of the large intestine (colon). Colon is the final organ of digestive tract. In majority of the cases, colon cancer develops as small, noncancerous (benign) clumps of tissue (adenomatous polyps).
Colon cancer is the third leading cause of cancer in men and women. The treatment varies with the cancer location, size and severity also on the health of the patient.
- Kidney Cancer
It is also called as renal cancer and in this kidney cells become cancerous (malignant) and grow in uncontrolled manner and forms a tumor. Kidney cancers mainly develop in the renal tubule and the renal pelvis. Old age, obesity, high blood pressure increases the risk of developing kidney cancer.
- Liver Cancer
The liver cancer starts in the liver and they develop outside the liver and spread to the other area. The patient suffering from liver cancer has less survival chances. Surgery and liver transplant is only the treatment for liver cancer.
- Lung Cancer
The lung cancer is known as lung carcinoma and it is malignant type of tumor formed in the tissues of the lung. It is the major cause of death in both men and women. Lung cancers are of two types as small-cell lung carcinoma and non-small-cell lung carcinoma.
It is type of blood cancer affects the lymphatic system. Lymphatic system removes the excess amount of fluids from your body and induces production of immune cells. Lymphocytes are white blood cells fight against foreign body; the abnormal lymphocytes convert into lymphoma and starts uncontrolled growth into lymph nodes and other tissues.
- Mouth Cancer
These type of cancers develop anywhere in the mouth, i.e., on mouth surface, tongue, the lips, inner side of the chick, in the gums or on the rood or floor of the mouth. The oral cancer develops after the age of 40.
- Ovarian Cancer
The uncontrolled growth of cells in the ovary is referred as ovarian cancer. It is the 10th major cause of cancer deaths in women. Ovarian cancer develops in the epithelium, or outer lining of the ovary.
- Pancreatic Cancer
This type of cancer develops in the pancreatic tissues. Pancreas secretes digestive enzymes and hormones. This type of cancer spreads to nearby organs. The treatment for pancreatic cancer includes surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy or combination of all.
- Prostate Cancer
This type of cancer affects the prostate gland. It is the gland that produces semen and also controls urine production in men. Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men and treatable if detected in early stages.
- Stomach Cancer
It is also known as gastric cancer. The stomach cancer formed as result of abnormal cell growth in part of stomach. It is the 5th most common type of cancer across the globe.
- Uterine Cancer or womb cancer
In this type of cancer, the uterine cells grow abnormally and build up cancer. The actual cause of uterine cancer is not known.
Causes of Cancer
Cancer is caused by genetic mutations or caused by exposure to cancer causing agents. These agents are known as carcinogens. Here are the following causes of cancer:
- Environmental agents
- Biological or internal factors like age, gender, inherited diseases, and skin type
- Exposure to UV radiations, asbestos
- Poor lifestyle
Identification of Cancer
Cancer screening tests are designed to detect the presence of cancer in healthy patient. Following are the cancer screening tests
- Colonoscopy- detects the colon cancer
- Mammography- used for detection of breast cancer
- Pap smear – Used for detection of cervical cancer
- MRI – Detection of breast cancer in women
Available treatments for Cancer
We have many types of cancer treatments based on the type of cancer. We deliver the treatment based on the patient’s health and severity of the cancer. At Lifeline Hospital we do offer the following treatments:
- Surgery: In this, a surgeon removes cancer from patient’s body.
- Chemotherapy: In this type, we use drugs to kill cancer cells.
- Radiation therapy: The method uses high doses of radiation to kill cancer cells and induce shrinkage of tumors.
- Radiation damages the cellular DNA and these damaged cells die, they are broken down and removed by the body.
- Immunotherapy: Immune stimulation, T-cell transfer therapy, and immune checkpoint inhibitors are the 3 types of immunotherapy used to treat cancer.
- Targeted Therapy: It is a type of cancer treatment that targets the changes and blocks their effects in cancer cells.
- Hormone Therapy: The treatment slows or stops the growth of breast and prostate cancer. It is useful in patients who are not able to have surgery or radiation therapy.
- Stem Cell Transplant: The restores blood-forming stem cells in cancer patients. The method restores the blood loss during chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
Pre-treatment precautions to take
- Don’t use tobacco it puts you on high risk.
- Eat plenty of fruits and vegetable.
- Drink more water
- Maintain proper weight
- Protect your skin from sunlight
Post-treatment precautions to take
- Perform regular exercise for well-being and to boost the speedy recovery.
- Eat healthy diet include lots of fruits, vegetables, whole grains.
- Maintain balanced weight.
- Take proper rest and get good sleep to boost hormone function and lower BP.
- Stop tobacco chewing.